Facts of Pregnant Women Abnormalities Syndrome – The period of pregnancy is one of the stages where you are very vulnerable in life, some of the syndromes that will be experienced during pregnancy are HELLP Syndrome.
HELLP syndrome is a liver and blood disorder in pregnant women that can be very dangerous if not treated immediately. This condition results in the red blood cells being damaged, causing bleeding and problems with the liver and blood pressure.
The name of this syndrome is an acronym for the three main abnormalities seen in laboratory analysis, namely:
H is for hemolysis: refers to the breakdown of red blood cells. In individuals with hemolysis, red blood cells break down too quickly. This can lead to low red blood cell levels and can eventually lead to anemia, which is a condition in which the blood doesn’t carry enough oxygen around the body.
EL for elevated liver enzymes: indicates that the liver is not functioning properly. Inflamed or injured liver cells secrete large amounts of certain chemicals, including enzymes, into the blood.
LP for low platelet count: platelets are blood components that aid in clotting. When platelet levels are low, a person has an increased risk of excessive bleeding.
This condition generally develops during the last trimester of pregnancy, but can also occur earlier or after delivery. HELLP syndrome is a rare disease that affects less than 1 percent of all pregnancies. However, this syndrome can be life threatening to both the mother and the fetus.
1. Preeclampsia is the biggest risk factor for HELLP syndrome
The exact cause of HELLP syndrome is still unknown. However, several factors can increase a mother’s risk of developing this syndrome.
Preeclampsia is the biggest risk factor for HELLP syndrome. This condition is characterized by high blood pressure, which usually occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. Even so, preeclampsia can also appear early or postpartum (but rarely).
It should be noted that not all pregnant women with preeclampsia will develop HELLP syndrome. Other risk factors for this syndrome include:
Pregnant women over 35 years of age
You are overweight
Have diabetes or kidney disease
Have high blood pressure
Have a history of preeclampsia
Pregnant women are also more at risk of developing HELLP syndrome if they have had this syndrome in a previous pregnancy. A study shows that the risk of recurrence of hypertensive disorders, including preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome, in future pregnancies is getting bigger, which is about 18 percent.
2. Abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting are common symptoms of HELLP syndrome
The symptoms of HELLP syndrome are very similar to those of the stomach flu or gastroenteritis. These symptoms may look like normal pregnancy symptoms. However, you should immediately check with a doctor if you experience stomach flu-like during pregnancy, because only a doctor can determine whether the symptoms you are experiencing indicate a serious health problem or not.
The symptoms of HELLP syndrome can vary from person to person. However, common symptoms include:
Feeling unwell or tired
Stomach pain, especially in the upper abdomen
Pregnant women who have HELLP syndrome may also experience:
Swelling, especially on the face or hands
Excessive and sudden weight gain
Blurred vision, vision loss, or other vision changes
Pain when taking deep breaths
In rare cases of HELLP syndrome, sufferers may also experience confusion and seizures. These signs and symptoms generally indicate that HELLP syndrome is advanced and should be evaluated by a doctor immediately.
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3. HELLP syndrome can cause acute kidney failure, pulmonary edema, and death of the mother and fetus
Undiagnosed or untreated HELLP syndrome can cause life-threatening complications for both the mother and the fetus.
The most serious complications and risks of HELLP syndrome include:
Acute renal failure
Acute respiratory failure
Fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema)
Excessive bleeding during delivery
Placental abruption, occurs when the placenta is separated from the uterus before the baby is born
Disseminated intravascular coagulation
Intrauterine growth restriction
Infant respiratory distress syndrome (lung failure)
The mortality rate for mothers with HELLP syndrome is around 1.1 percent, while the infant morbidity rate ranges from 10 to 60 percent. This depends on many factors, such as pregnancy, the severity of symptoms, and the accuracy of treatment.
However, some complications can occur even with treatment. In addition, the symptoms of HELLP syndrome can affect both the mother and the baby after giving birth.