Interesting Facts About The Great Wall of China – The Wall of China is one of the tourist destinations in China, with the splendor and strength of this building being one of the factors in the popularity of this Chinese tourist destination.
The Great Wall of China or The Great Wall of China is one of the favorite destinations for many tourists, both local and foreign tourists visiting the Bamboo Curtain Country. In Indonesia itself, the Great Wall of China has long been popular.
Not only because it is a favorite destination for many people when on vacation in China, but because its name often appears in history books as one of the UNESCO’s version of the seven wonders of the world. For those of you who were in elementary school around the 1990s to the early 2000s, you must have often seen pictures of the Great Wall of China in history books.
1. The Great Wall of China is not visible from the Moon
One of the popular myths circulating around the Great Wall of China is that this building is visible from outer space, even from the Moon. Well, for a historical building, the Great Wall of China is extraordinary. Unfortunately, this wall of pride in Chinese society is not visible from outer space, let alone from the Moon.
One reason for this is that these buildings tend to blend in with the surrounding landscape. Coupled with the very long distance between the Earth’s surface and the Space Station, it makes the Great Wall of China invisible from outer space.
2. His real name is not The Great Wall of China
We know this building as The Great Wall of China which if translated means the Great Wall of China. Meanwhile, some Western countries call it The Chinese Wall, aka the Chinese Wall. But in China itself, people have other names.
Instead of calling The Great Wall of China, they call this historic wall by the name 万里长城 or Wànlǐ Chángchéng. In Chinese, Wànlǐ Chángchéng itself means the 1,000 Mile Long Wall.
3. The Great Wall of China is longer than the Nile
One of the reasons why this wall is so important, is not only because of its history, but because of its length. Unmitigated, with a height of 6 meters, the Great Wall of China has a length of 21,196 km.
With this length, the Great Wall of China is even longer than the three longest rivers in the world, namely the Nile, Amazon and Yangtze rivers.
4. It took about 1,800 years to build this wall
Spanning 21,196 km and spanning 9 provinces, the Great Wall of China is actually a collection of walls joined together. The construction of the Great Wall of China began in the Western Zhou Dynasty from 1046 to 771 BC. After the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the Qin Dynasty connected all the walls together.
Construction began from 259 to 210 BC. The construction was continued by the Han Dynasty using good quality materials with the aim of defending the country. The construction of the Great Wall of China was only taken seriously during the Ming Dynasty in power from 1368 to 1644.
As a result, they succeeded in building a wall of 5,500 miles long as well as maintaining the walls built in the previous dynasties so that we can see it today.
5. Its construction claimed the lives of up to 400 thousand people
Building a group of walls and connecting them together is not an easy job. Apart from taking a long time, they also need a lot of workers. It is estimated that about 1 million workers participated in the construction of the Great Wall of China, most of them soldiers and peasants.
During the Qin Dynasty, prisoners and prisoners of war were also forcibly labored on construction projects. To distinguish the prisoners from the original workers, the officers shaved off the prisoners’ hair and blackened their faces.
It was not enough, several parts of the prisoners’ bodies were tied in chains to ensure that they did not escape anywhere. And just like the construction of other large buildings in the past, the construction of the Great Wall of China also claimed at least 400 thousand people who died while working.
6. One third of the brickwork has been lost
Believe it or not, this wall used to be even longer. It is estimated that 1,200 miles or 1/3 of the Great Wall of China have been lost due to erosion and damage to several parts of the wall.
This was exacerbated by the Cultural Revolution which took place from 1966 to 1976. Under Mao Zedong’s rule, thousands of people stripped the bricks that were on the Great Wall of China and used them to build houses.
7. Using rice flour as a substitute for cement
Yup, you read that right. The Great Wall of China was built using rice flour as one of the main ingredients. Of course not all parts of the Great Wall of China were built using rice flour, but rather parts of the wall that were built during the Qin Dynasty.
During the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang in 220-206 BC, he used glutinous rice flour as a substitute for cement. While the bricks themselves come from a mixture of soil, stone and wood.