Discussion About Cramps During Menstruation – When they are menstruating or menstruating, some people experience cramping in their stomach. This symptom is very natural to happen even though it can be resolved even a little.
Causes of normal menstrual pain
Menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea) is a normal condition that almost women experience every month. This condition occurs when the uterus contracts to shed its thickened lining.
When fertilization does not occur, the body lowers levels of the hormone progesterone. This causes the lining of the uterus to slowly shed and come out in the form of blood, which is known as menstruation.
The uterine contractions that are too strong during this process of sloughing can put pressure on nearby blood vessels. As a result, the supply of oxygen to the uterus becomes less.
The low intake of oxygen that enters the uterus is what causes cramps, pain, or menstrual pain to appear.
As the uterus contracts and sheds, the body also releases the hormone prostaglandin. The hormone prostaglandin is a compound that triggers pain and inflammation.
Causes of abnormal menstrual pain
Endometriosis is a condition when the tissue that lines the uterine wall accumulates and settles outside. In fact, tissue can also grow in the ovaries, intestines, fallopian tubes, and pelvic tissue.
This condition can also result in hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle. Excess hormone levels make tissues grow abnormally, thicken, and break down.
This damaged tissue then gets trapped in the pelvic area, and becomes the cause of excessive menstrual pain.
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2. Uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids are benign (noncancerous) tumors that often appear in the uterus during a woman’s fertile period. Tumor size usually varies.
The lumps can be very small and difficult to see until they are large. Large tumors often damage the uterus.
The appearance of a tumor in the uterus is often the cause of unbearable menstrual pain.
Quite a lot of women are not aware of having fibroids in their uterus because their appearance is not accompanied by any symptoms.
3. Pelvic inflammatory disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs. Infections can occur when bacteria enter from the vagina into the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) or pelvic inflammation usually occurs due to sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea (gonorrhea) and chlamydia.
This condition is also a cause of pain or abdominal pain during menstruation. Therefore, you need to be more sensitive to the various other symptoms that arise.